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Table 6 Parameters of virtual model on situations

From: Force display control system for simultaneous 3-axis translational motion in surgical training simulator for chiseling operation

  Situation Model parameters   Generalized parameters
   \(m_{v}\) / kg \(c_{v}\) / kg/s \(k_{v}\) / N/m   \(\omega _{n}\) / rad/s \(\zeta _{}\) \(\omega _{c}\) / rad/s \(K_{}\)
(a) Contacting har tissue 100 1.2 \(\times 10^{4}\) 3.6 \(\times 10^{5}\) (a) 60 1 \(0.01\)
(b) Manipulating in air 2 20 0 (b) 10 \(0.5\)